We often think of sleep apnea as an annoying condition that doesn’t allow people to get a full night’s rest. However, sleep apnea can be a very dangerous condition if it is left untreated.
The traditional treatment has been to use a loud, bulky machine that is strapped to your face while you sleep which for some people can often seem just as scary as the diagnosis.
Fortunately, there are other options that may be able to help you with your sleep apnea and get quality sleep once again.
Sleep apnea is a medical condition that causes people to stop breathing during sleep. The periods where there is no breathing can vary in length and frequency.
There are two types of sleep apnea:
Obstructive sleep apnea – This condition is caused by something that completely or partially blocks your airway. Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common form of sleep apnea.
Central sleep apnea – This is caused by the failure of the brain to send the proper signals to your respiratory system to breathe.
Obstructive sleep apnea is generally the result of soft tissues collapsing and blocking the airway which is usually caused by muscle relaxation, but can be exacerbated by individuals with excess weight.
Airways can also become obstructed due to swelling, misalignment of the mouth or upper airway, alcohol use, or allergies.
When the airway becomes blocked, it causes people to wake up for at least enough time to start breathing again. These periods are often not remembered by the patient in the morning, but they have serious effects on your ability to rest.
In addition to a lack of proper rest, untreated sleep apnea can lead to:
High blood pressure
Fortunately, the diagnosis of sleep apnea is a relatively straightforward process. Some dental offices offer an in-office test to study the collapsibility of the airway while you are awake.
Depending on the results of that test, you may be scheduled to conduct a sleep study. Sleep studies are often conducted at home and require you to wear a small medical device that tracks your rest and breathing. The following day, you return the device to your medical office to interpret the results.
If these tests indicate that you have sleep apnea, your medical provider will discuss your treatment options with you to find the one that may be right for you.